India a Nuclear Nation
(11th May National Technology Day)
Most of all know that India declared itself a nuclear power on May 13,1998. After conducting the second round of Nuclear tests from 11-13th of May 1998, the first one being in 18th May 1974.
Due to which we started Celebrating this day as National Technology Day.
|(Photo source: Indian Defense News)|
In conclusion to that here are some details.
|(Photo source: Pokhran Fort)|
It is located in the Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan,India. It is a remote location in the Thar Desert also it served as the test site for India’s first underground Nuclear weapon detonation.
It was the series of Five Nuclear bomb test explosions conducted by India. First of all the Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Ranges from 11-13th May 1998. Since it was the second Indian nuclear test. The first test code-name was Smiling Buddha which was conducted on May 1974.
Finally in 1998, India decided to test Nuclear Weapon in Pokhran in its most noteworthy Second Phase of Testing
(First on 18th May 1974). In addition to that the preparations began almost one month before the tests in DRDO & BARC with the weapons being transported from BARC in Mumbai to Pokhran on May 1 through Trucks loaded with Food Products. So as not to attract any attention from US Satellite.
Furthermore it was highly confidential program. It ranges full of Army soldiers and scientists too had to wear same combat dress. This was done to help them move around without issues and not attract any attention. In addition Dr A.P.J.Abdul Kalam went by the code name Major General Prithvi Raj.
While Three devices is going to be tested on 11 May 1998. Furthermore the Operation Shakti (Pokhran-II) was initiated with the detonation of one Fusion and two Fission bombs consequently referred by the word “Shakti“.
Finally Nuclear devices tested on 11 May were of three different designs – a 45 kT thermonuclear war head that used nuclear fusion. A pure fission device of 15 kT yield designed to be dropped from an aircraft while another experimental fission device of 0.2 kT yield.
On 13th May two additional Fission devices were detonated. The devices were identified as Shakit-I to Shakti-V and the shafts that were used for tests were named White House (Whiskey), Taj Mahal (Tango) and Kumnbhakaran (Kilo).
Pokhran-II consisted of five detonations, of which the first was a fusion bomb and the remaining four were fission bombs. These tests resulted in a variety of sanctions against India by major states (including Japan and US).
On 13 May 1998
, Government led by former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee finally
convened a press conference to declare India a full-fledged Nuclear state
“11th May as National Technology Day”
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee|